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Friday, October 25, 2002

Excerpt from a forthcoming book. For more information, go to www.wireonfire.com or email don@irrerevo.net


Facing Our Fascist State

By Don Paul

David Rockefeller is the most conspicuous representative today of the ruling class, a multinational fraternity of men who shape the global economy and manage the flow of its capital…. Rockefeller was born to it, and he has made the most of it…. Rockefeller sits at the hub of a vast network of financiers, industrialists, and politicians whose reach encircles the globe…. But what some critics see as a vast international conspiracy, he considers a circumstance of life and just another day's work.

– Bill Moyers in Bill Moyers Journal, "The World of David Rockefeller," first broadcast in April 1980

The West thinks in terms of bringing advance and opportunity to such a place. In actuality, we bring a cultural bankruptcy which will last for many years. The Asmat, like every other corner of the world, is being sucked into a world economy and a world culture which insists on economic plenty as a primary ideal.

– Michael Rockefeller, age 22, third son of then-governor Nelson Rockefeller, writing in a letter to his family from his studies among the Kurelu and Papaguan peoples of New Guinea, just before his sudden death in 1961

The Buildings and Their Victims

I was taking firefighters up in the elevator to the 24th floor to get in position to evacuate workers. On the last trip up a bomb went off. We think there were bombs set in the building.

– Louie Caachioli, New York Fire Department, about the WTC's South Tower, People Weekly 9/24/01

It also may end up being a good investment. In the end, Mr. Silverstein may wind up controlling 11 million square feet of attractive, lower-rise modern space instead of 11 million square feet of 30-year-old space in New York's tallest and most conspicuous buildings.

– Real Estate Journal 1l/5/01

1. 2. 7 - All Fall Down

Here the going becomes most disturbing to me.

Here the horrors that facts suggest become most difficult for normal, compassionate people to imagine, I think.

In examining the World Trade Center Buildings that fell on September 11 - Buildings 1 and 2, the WTC's Twin Towers; Building 7, the 47 stories of offices completed by Silverstein Properties in 1986 - and in examining how they fell, we must at least register as individuals the thousands of people who died on the WTC site that day. We must enter into their experience if we're to gather what happened. We must look at who died and who did not.

I wrote earlier that the WTC North and South Towers COULD NOT have fallen due to the causes (primary among these causes: fire so hot it deformed steel) that Corporate Government and Media stories have presented for the Towers' "'pancake'" collapse.

You likely remember the depiction-cum-explanation that Networks and newspapers repeated soon after ""'9/11.'"

It went like this. As the 767s struck their targets - AA 11 driving into the North Tower's 90th floor and UA 175 hitting the South Tower toward one corner around the 80th floor - each airliner exploded. The ensuing flames of jet fuel created a white-hot inferno inside each l10-story building. Fire blasted up and down elevator shafts.

Fire's increasing, unprecedented heat then turned to "licorice" the structural steel beams and columns that stood as core and outer and lateral supports of the Towers.

Thus weakened, the steel supports buckled, carrying concrete down with them. One floor of each Tower fell into the next below. Then both fell through the next floor below.

Then the three floors And so all of each Tower's floors collapsed in a "pancake effect" of terrible, increasing impact. Each Tower's 100,000 tons of concrete, steel, plastic, wiring, and marble dropped like an unpleating facade or straight-down Slinky, their weight pulverizing into their foundations.

The British Broadcasting Company story of September 13 is typical of this immediate depiction/explanation.

It's titled "How the World Trade Center Fell."

The BBC quotes "structural engineer" Chris Wise: '"It was the fire that killed the buildings. There's nothing on earth that could survive those temperatures with that amount of fuel burning The columns would have melted, the floors would have melted and eventually they would have collapsed one on top of each other."'

Another BBC-quoted expert then echoes Chris Wise. "The buildings' construction manager, Hyman Brown, agrees that nothing could have saved them from the inferno. 'The buildings would have stood had a plane or a force caused by a plane smashed into it,' he said.

'But steel melts, and 24,000 gallons (91,000 litres) of aviation fluid melted the steel. Nothing is designed or will be designed to withstand that fire.'"

So there you have it. Two experts say two days after "'9/11'" that the Towers' beams and columns did more than buckle - their structural steel '"melted."'

How hot must steel be heated in order to melt?

Steel is 99% iron. According to chemicalelements.com, temperatures of at least 2,795.0 degrees Fahrenheit are needed to "melt" iron. Even hotter temperatures would be needed to "melt" the more fire-resistant structural steel of the WTC Towers.

How hot, then, must steel be made in order for it to soften and warp toward producing the "'pancake collapse'" that Networks and newspapers have described? Temperatures of 1,022 degrees F. are needed to begin to deform structural steel. As to the steel in the WTC Towers, a report from the University of Sydney's Department of Civil Engineering in Australia says: "Fireproofed steel is rated to resist 1,500 to 1,600° F."

The basic question then becomes: How hot can fire from jet fuel make structural steel?

Corus Construction is a maker of car-parks in Europe. In order to be sure its structures could withstand collapse from multiple gas tanks exploding into flames inside a car-park, Corus tested steel against fires from kerosene. (Jet fuel and kerosene are interchangeably alike in their capacities for fueling and burning.)

Corus exposed steel to fire from kerosene over periods as long as one hour in "Full scale fire tests" in the United States, United Kingdom, Japan, and Australia. The highest temperatures these tests registered were 644 degrees Fahrenheit for beams (Australia) and 680 degrees F. for columns (United Kingdom).

The tests show us more exactly why the Towers COULD NOT have collapsed due to jet-fuel's fire.

Several other facts counter Corporate media's widespread depiction/explanation of the "'pancake collapse.'"

*The South Tower was hit second and hit obliquely by the Boeing 767 that was United Airlines 175. Much of that airliner's half-full load of fuel ignited outside the building,

The South Tower consequently suffered far less fire within its structures.

And yet the South Tower fell in almost half the time after impact (53 minutes: 9:05 EDT to 9:58 EDT) as the North (101 minutes: 8:46 EDT to 10:29 EDT).

If fire's deforming steel was the cause of the two buildings' collapse, the North Tower should have fallen first and in less time.

*Each Tower should have tilted sideways if its fall were undirected. In particular the South Tower - hit around its 80th floor, about 10 stories lower than the North Tower - should have toppled toward the corner where it was hit.

If they'd toppled sideways the Towers - each almost ¼-mile tall - would have ruined much surrounding real estate. The Towers' collapse within their foundations - per a perfect demolition - saved billions of dollars of property from devastation.

*Networks' coverage of both burning Towers that morning shows the smoke of fires turning from white to gray to darker shades as minutes pass.

Such a change in the smoke of a fire indicates that the fire is cooling, producing more carbon, because it's exhausting oxygen.

So: We see that the Towers' structural steel was cooling, contracting less heat, at the time when each collapsed.


At the head of this section you've read one New York City firefighter's recollection, less than two weeks after last September 11, of '"a bomb,"' that went off in the South Tower. Louie Caachioli, 51, was among the first firefighters to enter that building as it burned overhead.

Caachioli told People Weekly: '"I was taking firefighters up in the elevator to the 24th floor to get in position to evacuate workers. On the last trip up a bomb went off. We think there were bombs set in the building."'

Other survivors remember explosions inside the Towers. Kim White, 32, worked on the South Tower's 80th floor.

She told People, ' "All of a sudden the building shook, then it started to sway. We didn't know what was going on. We got all our people on the floor into the stairwell…. at that time we all thought it was a fire…. We got down as far as the 74th floor…. then there was another explosion."'

Survivors also remember that instructions to stay in the buildings were broadcast even AFTER each Tower was struck by an exploding airliner.

Nancy Cassidy, 42, was personnel manager for the Mizuho Capital Markets trading company on the South Tower's 80th floor. She fled her office just after American Airlines Flight 11 struck the North Tower and she saw fireballs roil in that building next to her window. She and about fifty others rushed down a stairwell.

Nancy Cassidy was quoted in New York's Newsday of 9/13/01. '"All of a sudden you heard, 'Shhh,' she said. 'Everyone was quiet. That's when they made that announcement: "Building One is in a state of emergency; Building Two is secure. You're fine, you can return to your work stations.""' I

Nancy Cassidy told Newsday: "It could be that because of that announcement, some people from my company went back upstairs and now may be gone."

In the North Tower employees were told to stay in their building even as the Boeing 767 burned above them.

Newsday related: "Michael Cartier, 24, of Jackson Heights, said his sister Michelle, who worked in Tower One told him that after the first plane struck, 'People began to evacuate, but an announcement over the intercom said everything was all right, no need to evacuate.'

"'If this is true,' Michael Cartier said, 'they told people to go back to their desks. There should be an investigation.'"

Tower One was the North Tower.

Dan Baumbach, 24, a software engineer on the 80th floor of the North Tower when he Boeing 767 struck his building, took off downstairs with a group from his office. Newsday related: "But heading down the stairs, he and four other co-workers suddenly came upon 100 others, who were told by a building official, 'We'll get you out; be calm, just stay here.'

"'There was no way we were going to stay there,' said Baumbach, 24, who was then warned: 'You can try it, but it's at your own risk.'"

Many stayed. Baumbach did not.

At 10-story intervals, he had to walk through burning corridors. Bizarrely, no sprinklers or alarms had been activated.


The lack of activation or alarm inside the Twin Towers may remind you of the same lack of alarm or activation inside the Pentagon before workers died there.


About 7 hours later on that day of horrors, WTC Building 7, the 47-story former headquarters of sunken junk-bond colossus Drexel Burnham Lambert, the firm whose failure set off the $500-billion Savings & Loan losses of the latter 1980s, collapsed.

WTC 7 was home to the Emergency Command Center or "bunker" that Mayor Rudolph Giuliani had installed after an FBI-assisted bomb exploded on February 20, 1993 in the parking-garage underneath Tower 2.

WTC 7 was also home offices of the CIA, the U.S. Department of Defense, and the U.S. Secret Service.

Network coverage of the"'9/11'"morning shows an explosion smoking up from WTC 7 even BEFORE the South Tower fell. The explosion was later attributed to fires bursting out in the several huge tanks of diesel fuel in WTC 7 that were there to serve in case of emergency (10,000 gallons for Giuliani's Command Center, 12,000 for the Smith Barney investment-banking firm, and more: a total of 42,000 gallons.)

Coverage shows, however, no flames accompanying the first WTC 7 explosion: Only a cloud of white dust.

Within minutes of the first WTC 7 explosion, before either Tower fell, Mayor Rudolph Giuliani and close associates fled the "headquarters" they'd set up at 75 Barkley Street. "We were operating out of there when we were told that the World Trade Center was gonna collapse," Rudolph Giuliani told Peter Jennings of ABC News that morning, "and it did collapse before we could get out of the building."


How could anyone have foreseen a collapse that was otherwise said to be unprecedented and unexpected? Who warned the Mayor whose "'clean-up'" of New York City has often been compared to Mussolini's of Italy?

Why weren't firefighters inside or around the World Trade Center also warned?

You may remember that 343 New York City firefighters died on the "'9/11'" morning.

In August of 2002 the New York Times reported that two New York City firemen, Battalion Chief Orio J. Palmer and Fire Marshal Ronald P. Bucca, had reached the 78th floor, the Sky Lobby, of the South Tower within a few minutes of that building's collapse.

"Once they got there," the Times piece recounted, "they had a coherent plan for putting out the fires they could see and helping victims who survived. At that point, the building would be standing for just a few more minutes, as the fire was weakening the structure on the floors above him. Even so, Chief Palmer could see only two pockets of fire, and called for a pair of engine companies to fight them."

The occasion for the Times piece was release by the U.S. Justice Department of a '"lost tape"' of communication between New York Fire Department personnel that New York Port Authority Police recorded on the morning of 9/11/01. The existence of this tape was revealed to the NYFD last January, but the NYFD refused to pledge secrecy as to its content. It was played on August 2, 2002 to sixteen survivors of NYFD firefighters in a Manhattan hotel.

Orio J. Palmer's widow said: '"I didn't hear fear, I didn't hear panic. When the tape is made public to the world, people will hear that they all went about their jobs without fear, and selflessly."'

We know that WTC 7 was another valuable holding of Silverstein Properties.

In February of 2002 Silverstein Properties won $861 million from Industrial Risk Insurers to rebuild on the site of WTC 7. Silverstein Properties' estimated investment in WTC 7 was $386 million. So: This building's collapse resulted in a profit of about $500 million.

"Broad Human Interest"

Other facts about the Twin Towers and "'9/1'" relate to that most material of concerns: Money.

On April 26 of 2001 the Board of Commissioners for the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey awarded Silverstein Properties and mall-owner Westfield America a 99-year-lease on the following assets: The Twin Towers, World Trade Center Buildings 4 and 5, two 9-story office buildings, and 400,000 square feet of retail space.

The partners' winning bid was $3.2 billion for holdings estimated to be worth more than $8 billion. JP Morgan Chase, a prestigious investment-bank that's the flagship firm of its kind for Rockefeller family interests, advised the Port Authority, another body long influenced by banker and builder David Rockefeller, his age then 85, in the negotiations.

The lead partner and spokesperson for the winning bidders, Larry Silverstein, age 70, already controlled more than 8 million square feet of New York City real estate. WTC 7 and the nearby Equitable Building were prime among these prior holdings. Larry Silverstein also owned Runway 69, a nightclub in Queens that was alleged 9 years ago to be laundering money made through sales of Laotian heroin.

Let's pause to scan this last sidelight. On September 16, 2001 Ernesto Cienfuegos wrote in the Los Angeles newspaper La Voz de Aztlan: "In July 1993, Harry P. Miller, a Vietnam veteran, filed a complaint in a federal district court of New York against Larry Silverstein, the owner of 'Runway 69,' a Queens dance club, that included as defendants President Clinton and Colin Powell. The allegations of Miller's complaint were that the named defendants committed or aided others in committing illegal acts, including assassinations, over a twenty-five year period, beginning amidst the Vietnam War, in furtherance of a conspiracy to distribute Laotian heroin. He asserted that the defendants were engaged in heroin trafficking and that 'Goldfingers International,' a business that supplies nude dancers to nude dance clubs, was laundering the proceeds of the conspiracy through 'Runway 69.'"

Now, given what's been shown so far even within the confines of the short study you hold, is this association of Silverstein, Clinton, and Powell fantastic or far-fetched to you?

We know from many sources - Alfred McCoy's The Politics of Heroin in Southeast Asia and Peter Dale Scott's Deep Politics are rich in documentation - that United States' intelligence services began to smuggled opium and heroin from Burma, Thailand, and Laos in the 1950s. Their traffic especially expanded through Vietnam in the late 1960s/early 1970s. We know that tons of heroin flooded ghettos of black and brown people in the U.S., depressing threats of revolution, at the same time as 30,000 U.S. servicemen in Vietnam were addicted to heroin.

As to what's happening now, we'll soon see how important the laundering of illegal narcotics is to the most central of U.S. financial institutions, including Citigroup, the Chase Bank, JP Morgan Chase, and the entire New York Stock Exchange.

For the 2001 Twin Towers' deal Larry Silverstein's main source of promised financing came from a group headed by another realtor, Lloyd Goldman, who also possessed enormous holdings in New York City.

His deal done, Larry Silverstein told the Real Estate Journal, an offshoot of the Wall Street Journal: "'This is a dream come true. When we first became associated with the Port Authority with 7 World Trade Center, we looked at the asset of the World Trade Center with tremendous interest. We will be in control of a prized asset. There is nothing like it in the world,' he said."

Mortgaging for the winning bid came from the General Motors Acceptance Corporation.

General Motors, you may know, is another giant engine of capital and oil that's for generations had the Rockefeller family among its controlling investors.


We should here take a preliminary moment to note the history of some ruling-class families of the United States.

We should note just a representative few of the appalling schemes and partnerships - partnerships using Wars, Governments and fascists - by which these families have profited in the 20th century. This precursor of a review will help, I believe, our understanding of "'9/11.'"

We should then proceed to seeing how the World Trade Center got built.

Like their partners and/or relatives the Roosevelts, Duponts, Harrimans, Warburgs, ... , the Rockefeller and Bush families are long-time players for global power.

Let's start with one telling fact. Both John D. Rockefeller Jr. (father of David and Nelson), and Prescott Bush, (grandfather of our selected president and father of George Herbert Walker Bush), materially aided the National Socialist Party of Germany, Hitler's Nazis, in the 1920s and 19305 and into World War II through businesses such as the Chase Bank and Standard Oil of New Jersey (Rockefeller) and the Hamburg-Amerika Shipping Line and the Silesian American Corporation (Bush).

The Rockefellers' Chase Bank solicited accounts in Nazi France as late as 1944.

In 1941 Prescott Bush, a nominal Republican, and his partner W. Averill Harriman, a Democrat, bought controlling interest in the Silesian-American Corporation from their partner, Fritz Thyssen, Thyssen the main financier of Nazis' seizure of power and author of a book titled I Paid Hitler. The Silesian-American Corporation continued to operate in Nazi-occupied Poland. Partly a mining company, the S-A Corp. availed itself of the increasing, mostly Jewish slave-labor at a nearby "'Camp'" known as Auschwitz. Prescott Bush and Averill Harriman thus profited from said slave-labor till the S-A. Corp.'s assets and those of other holdings of theirs (the Union Banking Corporation for one) were seized under the United States' Trading with the Enemy Act in 1942.

These few facts may help ordinary, intelligent and compassionate people better understand what other facts about the construction and destruction of the World Trade Center Towers suggest or mean. Later - in "Lords of the 'New World Order'" - we'll scan a history of U.S. ruling-class families over a span of more than a century, beginning with the Spanish-American War, focusing on members of the Bush and Rockefeller clans.

In 1952 Prescott Bush was elected to be a U. S. Senator from Connecticut. For the next 8 years "Press" (so he was addressed in 1937 by his and Harriman's attorney with Nazis, John Foster Dulles, the United States' Secretary of State between 1952-60) was a regular golf partner of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, the general who commanded U.S. forces in Europe during World War II.

During the exact middle of this decade, the 1950s, David Rockefeller, the youngest son of John D. Rockefeller, Jr. and the grandson of the United States' first billionaire, became chairman of his family's Chase Bank. David, born in 1915, already was known among his peers as wonderfully capable. He was working with great diligence and industry to make Manhattan south of Wall Street a new financial center of the world. In 1956 he formed the Downtown-Lower Manhattan Association, packing it with financiers from old wealth such as S. Sloan Colt of Banker's Trust, Henry S. Morgan of Morgan Stanley, and Robert Lehman of Lehman Brothers.

By 1961 David, the youngest son, the banker and builder, had erected a 60-story headquarters for his newly merged Chase and Manhattan Banks on a single block of Cedar Street. One Chase Plaza was the first skyscraper in lower Manhattan in a generation. For it to flourish optimally - for the whole new Manhattan of global financing and projection that he envisioned to flourish optimally - David Rockefeller needed a nexus of similar institutions nearby. He needed ... a World Trade Center - something that would outsize and outdo other Centers that Rockefellers had previously built.

David's brother Nelson, born in 1908, the second eldest of five brothers, had kindred ambitions. In 1958 Nelson was elected governor of New York over W. Averill Harriman, the former partner, we know, of Prescott Bush, George Herbert Walker, Adolf Hitler, and Benito Mussolini.

This same year, David announced and the New York Times endorsed a Lower Manhattan Plan that would put a World Trade Center on 20 square blocks of the East Side, displacing the Fulton Fish Market and the Washington Produce Market.

In 1961 the WTC's prospective site shifted westward, as the State of New York's Port Authority assumed control of the project and the Port Authority acquired the Hudson Tubes that would subsequently transport PATH trains to and from New Jersey. Sixteen square blocks that then featured a bustling community of electronics' retailers ("Radio Row"), restaurants, markets, and clothing stores, were to be razed for "'redevelopment.'"

Other "'urban renewal'" would remove the Fulton Fish Market and the Washington Produce Market from lower Manhattan. Shipping that employed thousands of skilled laborers would also be taken away. Instead, New York City would have a project of '"catalytic bigness"' (David Rockefeller), the World Trade Center, in the district that was '"the heart pump of the capital blood that sustains the free world"' (Warren Linquist, David Rockefeller's lead aide).

Eric Darton's Divided We Stand, a book that's subtitled A Biography of New York's World Trade Center, summarizes the final development: "The project took seven years and a billion dollars to build. It needed immense political muscle, supplied by David Rockefeller at the Chase Manhattan Bank and his brother Nelson, then governor of New York, who stocked one tower with state office workers when the building failed to attract clients." Most vitally, risk-free subsidization from the State of New York (Nelson was re-elected governor in 1962 and 1966, outspending his opponents at least 2 to 1) let the WTC project push through economic ups and downs, lawsuits and protests. State Supreme Court and City Planning Commission decisions also furthered it.

The one billion dollars was taken from public funds without the public's authorization. As Mario Cuomo told a radio interviewer in 1996 (when he was no longer governor of New York), a Public Authority is '"something above democracy, absolutely, that's why it was invented by politicians, to keep the people away from the operation, and to insulate the politicians."'

Sixty-two workers died in accidents during the Twin Towers' construction.

In 1973 Governor Nelson Rockefeller dedicated the new World Trade Center and moved 20,000 New York State workers into the vacancy of Tower Two.

In 1973, too, with the United States losing its war on the ground in Vietnam, David Rockefeller, advised by future or then National Security Advisors Zbignew Brzezinski and Henry Kissinger, founded the Trilateral Commission. The Trilateral Commission was like an international version of the Downtown-Lower Manhattan Association.

It was also like a supranational version of the Council on Foreign Relations that has shaped U.S. policies since the autumn of John D. Rockefeller's and J. P. Morgan's generation - that is, the span between World Wars I and II.

Executives from Corporations, Government and academia made up the Trilateral Commission along with European nobility. Men from nations in the industrialized North (the U.S., Britain, Germany, France, Italy, Japan, Canada) dominated the commission's membership. The Trilateral Commission divided the "'free world'" into three regions for "'development.'"

David Rockefeller wrote then: "Broad human interests are being served best in economic terms where free market forces are able to transcend national boundaries."

The Trilateral Commission's premise was, however, a lie. The basic concept of "free market forces" is a lie - another form of "Big Lie," whether it's voiced consciously or not. "Free market forces" have nothing to do with the ability of Western economies to take more each year in interest from Southern nations' debts than the principal of said debt.

As capitalism depends on exploitation, money-lending and speculation to sustain itself (through Banks, Exchanges of commodities and stocks), it depends on brutal and material power (through legislative bodies, Police, Sheriffs, and international Armed Forces) to carry on its inequities.

The forced, worsening imbalance between Northern and Southern nations' economies means that Southern nations' revenue from resources (oil, bananas, bauxite, coffee, copper, diamonds, gas, gold ... manganese, nickel, titanium, zinc, ...) and their peoples' 12-hours-a-day labor are ultimately cost-free to their exploiters. It means that these nations and their peoples can never escape debt. That is, their people can never escape the crushing, grinding, distorting pressures of poverty.

The supranational exploiters' methods are thus to me worse than local mafias. The supranational exploiters and their means never let a farm or shop or workers and families gain a penny or peso against debt.

They have old and new Laws on their side. Their methods of loan-sharking, theft, and degradation are sanctioned by international Agreements (the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade or G.A.T.T., the North American Free Trade Agreement or N.A.F.T.A.) that are never put to a vote by the working people they affect.

Further, supranational groups (the World Trade Organization foremost) have sought more and more to "transcend" any control by local or national Governments.

These groups want to be a law among themselves.

They want, in fact, to return to a feudal order that will be extended across continents.

Their intentions are at best arrogant and mistaken, blinded by their removes from the poverty, suffering, and rebellion that their further, depriving means - such as the

International Monetary Fund's "Structural Adjustment Programs" (SAPs) - engender in billions of working families worldwide.

Their markets are NOT "free," their trade is NOT "fair," and their "neo-liberal" New World is really an old one. Their world is of neo-colonial imperialism: A New World for Corporate Empires.

David Rockefeller, for one, he who's now 86, he the "unelected if indisputable chairman of the American establishment," he who still sits "at the hub of a vast network of financiers, industrialists, and politicians whose reach encircles the globe," he one of the most capable, confident, and powerful beings of his generation, used the same anti-democratic methods to get the World Trade Center built as he's used to direct the course of all humanity over the past 50 years.

And yet his methods, his game, we'll see, isn't working for even his grandchildren and their grandchildren.

[To be continued.]


In 1971 Don Paul (No. 36 in the picture to the left) was the youngest winner of a Stegner Fellowship in Creative Writing at Stanford University, after Ken Kesey, Tillie Olsen and Robert Stone and before Ray Carver, Alice Hoffman and Bill Kitteredge.

Between 1973 and 1980 he was a logger or roughneck in northwest Washington, southeast Alaska, Louisiana and Texas.

He held the World Road Best for running 50 kilometers between 1982-94 and qualified for the U.S. Men's Olympic Marathon Trial in 1980 and 1988.

In 1988 he began to put poems to music by his brother Kenton. He's subsequently led or produced more than 20 recordings, including the Rebel Poets compilations and albums led by Glenn Spearman, Lisle Ellis, India Cooke, Paul Plimley, Ustad Salamat Ali Khan and Ben Goldberg.

Most recently he's released two CDs, 5 Songs For The Bush Reich (available at www.wireonfire.com) and Love Is The Main Flame, and the books of poems
Pulsing and Flares.

He works with the organizations Housing Is a Human Right and From the Ground Up in San Francisco.